Jaipur is the capital city as well as the biggest city of Rajasthan State, India. The city came to birth on 18th November 1727, founded by its ruler and subsequent namesake of the city Jai Singh. Jaipur is India's top tourist destination and has been named the "pink city" owing to the prevalent color scheme in the city's buildings. The City Palace stands at the heart of Jaipur, featuring spectacular planted gardens, nature parks, museums, and contemporary courtyards. In its mighty grandeur, a section of it is still used as a residential place for the Royal Class. The view of the outstanding City Palace across the green and natural parks merely is breathtaking. Looking across the mighty City Palace, one sees the Jantar Mantar. It encompasses a beautiful twist of stone artwork with arch designs and is set raised off the ground. The spot is used as an observatory spot for the astronomers on the night sky and has been so since the eighteenth century. Close by, on the edge of the City Palace, is the iconic Hawa Mahal, a stunning piece of architecture built beautifully complete in red and pink sandstone materials. Established in 1799, the five-story Hawa Mahal, also referred to as the "Palace of Winds" was made for the women of the royal class as a spot to observe activities going on in the streets below, since they were not supposed to be seen in public without their faces covered. A couple of kilometers outside of Jaipur brings to view the tremendous uphill town of Amer, a prime tourist attraction in Jaipur. Amer is home to the scenic Amer Fort, which is a striking architectural work featuring beautiful intricate carvings, artwork, and paintings. Visitors love to be carried uphill to the fort on the back of elephants. Along the way to Amer Fort, rests a beautiful scene of the majestic Jal Mahal, also referred to as the "Water Palace" halfway submerged in the Man Sagar Lake. The best shots are those of the reflection of the Jal Mahal on the calm water, as appreciated by many tourists. This building is yet another favorite tourist attraction spot in Jaipur.
Jaipur has a hot semi-arid climate, partially influenced by the monsoons. During summer, from April to June, the days are extremely hot, dry, and very humid. Between July and August, the monsoons kick in and are accompanied by showers of rain. The rainfall is moderately minimal and very rarely causes flooding. During winter, from December to February, the days remain tolerable, warm, and the evenings are cool and pleasant, with the occasional cold waves blowing by. Around this time, visitors may flock Jaipur more than any other time. The most common travel period to Jaipur is between April and May, in October, as well as from December to February. During these periods, festivities are in plenty, and the weather is a lot more favorable. In January, Jaipur celebrates the Jaipur Literature Festival, a famous big event that showcases traditional dance and music shows to help appreciate and cement the talent. Then there is the Holi, a celebration that sees rowdy partygoers on the streets in downtown Jaipur get covered up in bright, colorful powder in ecstatic shows of fun. On the day following the Holi festival, the Gangaur festival is held to celebrate and honor the Hindu goddess of fertility amid beautiful dances and organized street parade matching.